What we do
About our project
The guideline for shoulder pain issued by the Dutch College of General Practitioners (NHG) recommends a local corticosteroid injection or referral to physiotherapist-led exercise therapy if shoulder pain persists after initial advice and analgesia. However, the guideline acknowledges the lack of evidence to favor one option over the other. The recently released NHG research agenda listed research on the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections for patients with shoulder pain as a top priority. This study will evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of these two treatments and aims to strengthen future decision making in the treatment of persistent shoulder pain.
We hypothesize that the clinical and cost-effectiveness of physiotherapist-led exercise is greater than corticosteroid injections after 12 months.
A total of 213 patients, aged 18 years and older, who contacted their general practitioner with a new episode of shoulder pain and who did not respond to advice and analgesia will be included. Patients will be randomly allocated to either a local corticosteroid injection or physiotherapist-led exercise therapy. The effects of treatment will evaluated by questionnaires at 6 weeks, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after initial treatment.
Our research focus
The primary outcome is patients’ reported pain and function of the shoulder measured with the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), and costs after 12 months.
Secondary outcome measures will include short and long term assessment of pain and function measured with SPADI, global perceived effect, measured with a 7-point Likert scale, health related quality of life, measured with the EQ-5D-5L, side effects, sleep quality using the Jenkins-Sleep questionnaire, work absence and healthcare utilization.
Funds & Grants
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Maastricht University
Primary Care Musculoskeletal Research Centre, Keele University
Dr. J. Runhaar (co-promotor), email@example.com
Dr. E.I.T. de Schepper (co-promotor), firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. D. Schiphof, email@example.com
Dr. R.P.G. Ottenheijm, firstname.lastname@example.org
Prof.dr. P.J.E. Bindels, email@example.com
Dr. M. Koopmanschap, firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. M. Thoomes-de Graaf, email@example.com
Prof. dr. D. Van der Windt, firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. J.M. van Ochten, email@example.com
Prof.dr. B.W. Koes (promotor), firstname.lastname@example.org
Contact address for the project: email@example.com.